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2011 Vol. 64 No. 2

Review Paper2011-02-24
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art1
Major and trace elements in lithogenesis
Marcin Słojewski
The process of crystallization in the urinary tract occurs when the equilibrium between promoting and inhibiting factors is broken. Many theories have been published to explain the mechanism of urinary stones formation. None of these theories has payed attention to trace elements. Their role in lithogenesis is still unclear and under debate. The finding of some studies may support the thesis that some major and trace elements may take part in the initiation of stone crystallization for instance as a nucleus or nidus for the formation of the stone, or simply contaminate the stone structure

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Review Paper2011-02-03
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art2
Complications of cataract surgery in patients with BPH treated with alpha A-blockers
Slawomir Jan Teper, Dariusz Dobrowolski, Edward Wylegala
Prevalence of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and cataract increases with age. Both diseases may develop concomittantly and may affect almost 50% of men in their elderly as comorbidities. Cataract is treated surgicaly and it has been reported that there may be an association between use of alpha-blockers for BPH, particularly alpha1A-adrenergic receptor selective drugs, and complications of cataract surgery known as Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS). IFIS itself is related to many other sight-threatening complications

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Review Paper2011-04-27
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art3
What is the possible role of PSA doubling time (PSADT) and PSA velocity (PSAV) in the decision-making process to initiate salvage radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy in patients with prostate cancer?
Piotr Milecki, Andrzej Antczak, Piotr Martenka, Zbigniew Kwias
The dynamics of the rise of PSA levels may be an early endpoint parameter, preceding the diagnosis of distant metastasis or death due to prostate cancer based on a single PSA determination. In a group of patients after RP, PSADT might be an early endpoint, which could replace cause-specific survival rate as a late endpoint. PSADT allows to distinguish subgroups of patients at high risk of distant metastases and death, which in turn may lead to a change in the further treatment strategy. Therefore, patients with short PSA doubling time should become a subgroup, in which hormonal therapy should be considered

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2011-04-11
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art4
RADICAL AND SPARING SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH UPPER URINARY TRACT TRANSITIONAL CELL CARCINOMAS (UUT-TCC)-PRELIMINARY RESULTS
Zbigniew Jabłonowski, Robert Kędzierski, Marek Sosnowski
Tumors originating from transitional epithelium of the renal pelvis and ureter are infrequent. Their course is asymptomatic at early stages of the disease, and diagnosis and institution of appropriate treatment delayed.
AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the results of treatment in patients with upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinomas (UUT-TCC).

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2011-04-18
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art5
Importance of prostate volume and urinary flow rate in prediction of bladder outlet obstruction in men with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia
Darius Trumbeckas, Daimantas Milonas, Mindaugas Jievaltas, Aivaras Jonas Matjošaitis, Marius Kincius, Aivaras Grybas, Vytis Kopustinskas
To predict bladder outlet obstruction with parameters of non-invasive investigations for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2011-04-11
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art6
Our experience in the treatment of priapism. Dmytro Vorobets, Oleg Banyra, Alexander Stroy, Alexander Shulyak. Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University. 2-nd Lviv municipal polyclinic.
Dmytro Vorobets, Oleg Banyra, Alexander Stroy, Alexander Shulyak
Priapism is a persistent erection without the sexual stimulation that cannot be relieved by orgasm. Its etiology includes the impaired mechanism of detumescence caused by the abundant release of neurotransmitters, venules obstruction, impairment of the intrinsic mechanism of detumescence or prolonged relaxation of the intracavernous smooth muscles. Treatment of priapism is conservative pharmacological or surgical. Efficient treatment options include the intracavernous vasoconstrictor injections or surgical shunting

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2011-02-16
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art7
Long-term results after endoscopic VUR-treatment using dextranomer / hyaluronic acid copolymer- 5-year experience in a single-center
Joerg Seibold, Maren Werther, Saladin H. Alloussi, Stefan Aufderklamm, Georgios Gakis, Tilman Todenhöfer, Arnulf Stenzl, Christian Schwentner
A number of bulking agents have been used for the endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux in children. We present our long-term results of endoscopic use of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux®) for VUR treatment in children.

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2011-02-16
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art8
Schwann cells - a new hope in tissue engineered urinary bladder innervation. A method of cell isolation
Jan Adamowicz, Tomasz Drewa, Jakub Tworkiewicz, Tomasz Kloskowski, Maciej Nowacki, Marta Pokrywczyńska
There are not any effective method to induce the innervation of urinary bladder wall graft after augmentation. Neurons from urinary bladder wall and omentium can not elongate and branch in graft because of lack of neurotrophic factors. The best source of these neurotrophic factors are Schwann cells which can be transplanted into urinary bladder wall graft. To transplant Schwann cells the proper amount of cells is needed which can be only obtain during in vitro Schwann cell cultivation. We introduce the results of Schwann cell isolation and in vitro cultivation.

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Case Report2011-04-18
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art9
Physical sign of coital rupture of superficial dorsal vein of penis.
Sani Aminu, Farooq Usman, Alexandrou Kyriacos
A 39 year old man presented with penile swelling, pain and haematoma associated with sexual intercourse. On exploration, he was found to have rupture of the superficial dorsal vein of penis which was ligated. He had an uneventful post operative recovery and has resumed normal sexual life. A physical sign of rectangular shaped suprapubic and distal penile haematoma with sparing of the proximal penile skin was observed. We believe the sign could aid clinical diagnosis of rupture of superficial dorsal vein of penis.

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Case Report2011-04-03
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art10
An Unusual Foreign Body in Urethra: Nail Scissors
Namik Hatipoglu, Mehmet Yucel, Nebahat Hatipoglu, Serhat Yentur, Attila Semercioz
A 37-year-old male mentally retarded patient, who had complaints of difficulty in voiding, was examined and a foreign body was determined in the urethra. This foreign body was nail scissors and removed with open surgery. Self-inserted a nail scissors in the urethra by the patient is the first published report to our knowledge.

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Case Report2011-03-15
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art11
Acute urinary retention in patient with extended cystitis glandularis: case report
Jerzy Michajłowski, Marcin Matuszewski, Jakub Kłącz, Artur Gibas, Wojciech Biernat, Kazimierz Krajka
Cystitis glandularis (CG) is defined as glandular metaplasia of bladder urothelium. In most cases the course of CG is asymptomatic. However, some patients complain of hematuria and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of varying degrees. We present a case of 5-year-old man with an extensive CG causing acute urinary retention. Although it was initially treated as an infection, prompt ultrasound and cystoscopy helped to establish the diagnosis. Transurethral resection of the cyst with biopsy of the bladder mucosa was then performed

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Case Report2010-12-16
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art12
Seven-year survival and continuation of therapy in a patient suffering from carcinoma of prostate with metastases and pathological fractures of vertebrae
Slawomir Dutkiewicz, Renata Poniatowska
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a major health problem and one of the main causes of male cancer death [1]. In patients with PCa bone metastases (apply to 100% when PSA >100ng/ml.) cause pains and risk of pathological fractures [2]. We report a case of 70-year-old male with PCa and pathological fractures of vertebrae, in whom we observed a long term regression and up to 7-year-survival; he obtained constant continuation therapy. As far as we know, this is the first reported case in literature.

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Short Communications (Preliminary Results And Mini-Reviews)2011-02-16
10.5173/ceju.2011.02.art13
A technique for catheter placement after transurethral resection of the prostate complicated with undermining of the trigone of the bladder.
Wojciech Szewczyk, Andrzej Prajsner
Authors presented 17 patients where two techniques for catheterization of the bladder after transurethral resection of the prostate complicated with undermining of the trigonum of the bladder were applied. The first maneuver, used in twelve patients, was an insertion of a rigid stylet made from a 10F pneumatic probe used for percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, into the Foley catheter in order to insert the catheter into the bladder in cystoscope manner. In remaining 5 patients a second maneuvre was an insertion of a Dufour catheter over the guide wire left in bladder through the resectoscope sheath

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Dear Colleagues!

Please forgive me for this somewhat reflective mood, but it is caused by the up- coming end of the 2015-2018 term of the PUA Executive Board. As you probably know, the Editor-in-Chief of the Central European Journal of Urology is appointed by the PUA Executive Board, which is why this introductory article is somewhat of a summary.

So then, for this reason, I would like to share some information about the development of the journal. The journal is developing very well. When analyzing the names of the authors, we can see that we are recognizable not only in Europe but also around the world. Urologists from large academic centers publish their articles in our journal. We operate on an "open access" basis and therefore do not charge any fees. This is undoubtedly an asset. An expression of this is the growing number of our citations. The CiteScore coefficient for the Central European Journal of Urology is currently 1.11, while last year it was 0.70. The systematic increase in citations year by year sets the stage to move us from Emerging Cites Sources and promote us to the Science Citation Index Expanded, managed by Clarivate Analytics, formerly Thomson Reuters, which is associated with the granting of the socalled "Impact Factor". I first submitted our journal in 2015 and the assessment, at that time made by Thomson Reuters, was that we should remain in the "waiting room", and therefore we were included in Emerging Sources Citation Index. I submitted my second request for re-assessment at the end of 2017 and I am currently awaiting an answer. I hope to get a positive decision.

Building a urological journal in Europe is not a simple task. We already have journals of recognized position and reputation, such as European Urology, European Urology Focus, as well as World Journal of Urology, Urologia Internationalis, Scandinavian Journal of Urology and International Urology and Nephrology. There are also newly created journals such as European Urology Oncology which has very strong support from the European Association of Urology. We must show that we are needed in Central Europe! We do not have anything to prove!

The standing of a scientific journal depends firstly on the quality of the materials submitted, that is from the authors' workshops. However, this is only one side of the coin!

The team of people who verifies submitted scientific materials is also very crucial. This is probably the most important thing that I would like to convey. Usually, I do not officially direct words of thanks to my colleagues, because I think that they consciously chose the tasks they carry out in their lives. At this point, however, at the end of the 2015-2018 term of the PUA Executive Board, I would like to thank Dr. Bartosz Dybowski, my assistant Editor-in-Chief, for the enormous amount of work and time devoted to the extremely professional preparation of each issue. His ex- pert knowledge and availability could be the envy of many a manager. Without the hard work of Dr. Dybowski, this journal would not look like it does today, and the choice of his person for this position was certainly the right one.

I would also like to personally thank our section editors for their hard work and input. Przemysław Adamczyk, Ewa Bres-Niewada, Stefan Buntrock, Abdullah Erdem Canda, Michał Ciszek, Olga Dolejšová, Simona Di Francesco, Jan Hrbáček, Kajetan Juszczak, George Kasyan, Daimantas Milonas, Maciej Salagierski and Przemysław Waliszewski have always stood up to the task. Dear Colleagues, I know how much you have done for the journal, I appreciate it, and I will always remember your commitment.

Nothing could be done without the huge backing of internationally recognized professionals, without which the magazine would not be in the right form and would not grow. The Consulting Editors and the Editorial Board are these advisory bodies that I would like to thank for their knowledgeable comments and support in making difficult decisions.

Also, I would like to recognize the Reviewers, who often work "behind the scenes" but are nonetheless extremely helpful. Their complete independence allows them to give us their wise and unbiased opinions. Thank you for your support during the entire 2015-2018 term.

In conclusion, it is my sincere hope that the journal will continue to develop even better and even more vigorously in the coming years.


Tomasz Drewa
Editor-in-Chief

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Corrigendum
The Editorial Office would like to inform all interested parties that in Central European Journal of Urology an article entitled "Efficacy of holmium laser urethrotomy and intralesional injection of Santosh PGI tetra-inject (Triamcinolone, Mitomycin C, Hyaluronidase and N-acetyl cysteine) on the outcome of urethral strictures" [Kumar S, Kishore L, Sharma AP, Garg N, Singh SK. Cent European J Urol. 2015; 68: 462-465] was published which is very similar to the article entitled "Efficacy of Optical Internal Urethrotomy and Intralesional Injection of Vatsala-Santosh PGI Tri-Inject (Triamcinolone, Mitomycin C, and Hyaluronidase) in the Treatment of Anterior Urethral Stricture" published in Advances in Urology [Kumar S, Garg N, Singh SK, Mandal AK. Adv Urol. 2014; 2014: 192710. doi: 10.1155/2014/192710. Epub 2014 Oct 1].

The authors of these articles did not inform the CEJU Editorial Office about the prior publication of an article with a similar subject matter nor did they refer to it in their References section.

The Editorial Office regrets the existing situation.