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2010 Vol. 63 No. 4

Review Paper2010-09-02
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art1
Biopsy of the prostate - the urge to search for a new standard
Artur A. Antoniewicz, Łukasz Zapała, Andrzej Borówka, Theo M. de Reijke
Although the worldwide urological community generally accepts the existing protocol of TRUS-guided random prostate biopsy, there is strong evidence that sextant, extended and saturation protocols are not sufficiently accurate (ranges from 28-78%). Moreover, the number of repeated biopsies remains extremely high (33%) as a consequence of using an imperfect diagnostic tool. An overview of current literature concerning common practice in prostatic biopsies has revealed a discrepancy in indications, technique, number of cores collected, and pathological examination standards

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2010-09-04
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art2
CHEK2 gene mutations, CYPB gene 355T/T polymorphism and HPV infection, approached as urinary bladder cancer predisposing factors
Monika Banaszkiewicz, Maria Constantinou, Michał Pietrusiński, Adam Jędrzejczyk, Marek Rożniecki, Piotr Marks, Bogdan Kałużewski
CHEK2 and CYP1B1 are among the genes, the mutations of which may increase the risk of cancer incidence. The multi-organ predisposition of these genes to induce neoplasm development has been reported.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Original Basic Research And Clinical Articles2010-08-18
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art3
Isoflavones augment the effect of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) on prostate cancer cells
Ewelina Szliszka, Joanna Bronikowska, Zenon P. Czuba, Wojciech Krol
Isoflavones are the subclass of flavonoids with chemopreventive and anticancer activities. Isoflavones induce cytotoxicity and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. TRAIL plays an important role in immune surveillance and the defense mechanism against tumor cells. However, not all tumor cells are sensitive to TRAIL. TRAIL-resistant cancer cells can be sensitized to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by flavonoids.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Case Report2010-08-17
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art4
Primary Vaginal Stone in a Disabled Child.
Wiesław Urbanowicz, Sabina Szymik-Kantorowicz, Janusz Sulisławski, Michał Wolnicki
Authors report a case of a large primary vaginal calculus in a eleven year old girl. Vaginal stones are relatively rare. Various causes can lead to vaginal stone formation. In our case , the calculi was due to minor vaginal outlet obstruction and permanently in bed-ridden with urinary incontinence and chronic urinary infection. In our patient x-ray film using frontal and lateral views during cystography permitted to establish the right diagnosis. The treatment was surgical incision of vaginal introitus and extraction of calculi.

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Case Report2010-09-14
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art5
Rare renal tumors - Bellini duct carcinoma
Andrzej Kierstan, Marek Sosnowski, Radosław Minias, Zbigniew Jabłonowski
Bellini duct carcinoma is a rare type of renal tumor characterized by high malignancy.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Case Report2010-08-13
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art6
Paraganglioma Displacing IVC: A Surgical Challenge
Kristell Acosta, Akin Tekin, Daniel Rosenberg, Mohan Arianayagam, Murugesan Manoharan
Paragangliomas are catecholamine-secreting tumors that originate from chromaffin cells in the sympathetic ganglia. Commonly presenting with excess cathecholamine symptoms, these tumors are usually treated with surgical excision. We present a case of an abdominal paraganglioma located between the aorta and the inferior vena cava and discuss the challenges associated with the resection of this tumor in such a complex location.

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Case Report2010-08-31
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art7
Case report: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in the presence of a duplicated inferior vena cava
Christopher S. Gomez, Mohan Arianayagam, Victor J. Casillas, Gaetano Ciancio
Inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies are often asymptomatic but have considerable clinical implications during retroperitoneal surgery. While laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) has become standard of care, retroperitoneal vascular injury remains one of the more common complications. Thorough knowledge of vascular anomalies enables the surgeon to appropriately plan the operative strategy and minimize intraoperative complications. We present a case of a duplicated inferior vena cava diagnosed by computer tomography and our management of it during left sided LRN.

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Case Report2015-02-25
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art8
Primary Small Cell Carcinoma of The Bladder: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
Ahmad Omar, Nerys Williams, Nancy Chisholm, Mohammed Diab, Altaf Khattak, Leigh Forsyth
Primary small cell carcinoma is an entity or a disease. Despite its agressive clinical course, there is no consensus on an optimal treatment approach. We hereby present a localized terminal stage small cell bladder carcinoma case along with the related literature. A man at 81 has admitted to the clinic with massive hematuria complain. In radiological examination, a tumoral mass at nearly cm diameter was observed in bladder. Tissue biopsy samples were taken via transurethral resection method. In histopathological examination, primary small cell carcinoma cells were found.

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Case Report2010-08-23
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art9
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA CAUSED BY NEGLECTED GIANT BLADDER DIVERTICULUM STONE: CASE REPORT
Hasan Kocoglu, Cabir Alan
The incidence of bladder diverticula is approximately 1.7% in children and 6% in adults. Bladder tumors arising inside of a diverticula are uncommon, with a reported incidence ranging from 0.8% to 10%. In literature a large number of cases dealing with squamos cell carcinoma caused by bladder diverticula. Until now, a case report depicting the coexistence of these pathologies (SCC, diverticula and diverticula stone) simultaneously in one case has not been reported yet. In our case neglected bladder diverticulum stones may cause SCC

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Case Report2010-09-12
10.5173/ceju.2010.04.art10
HUMAN OS PENIS : A CASE REPORT
Ahmet Resit Ersay, Cabir Alan, Hasan Kocoglu
This report presents a case of a 5-year-old male suffering from a rod-like mass at the base of penis. He was aware of its existence since pubertal ages. Physical examination revealed a bone hard, mobile, stick- like structure behind the corpus spongiosum, at median plane. A calcified periurethral rod-like 5cm. Mass at the ventral aspect of intercorporeal septum of penis was noted on CT scan. The patient who had no symptoms associated with erectile dysfunction refused further diagnostic tests and intervention.

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Dear Editorial Panel Users,
Dear Colleagues,

Six months after introducing the new Editorial Panel, we are working hard to improve its functionality.

I apologize for any errors which have arisen during this time, please know that we are doing our best to remove them promptly.

The technical renovation of the system should be completed in July.

In the meantime, I would like to kindly ask all authors, reviewers, and editors to submit any issues they may experience to: ltm@data.pl.


Tomasz Drewa
Editor-in-Chief

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